Hyperpigmentation & Age Spot
The term ‘pigmentation’ refers to the skin’s natural colour irrespective of any sun exposure. This natural colouring is associated with cells within the skin known as melanocytes. The melanocytes primary function is to produce pigments, called melanin, which provide natural protection against ultraviolet (UV) rays emitted by the sun.
Dark spots, skin discolouration, blotchiness, ephelides (freckles), and melasma are all common skin concerns known as hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is the over production of melanin resulting in skin darkening. Often this excessive melanin production clusters in localised areas in a disorderly fashion forming patchy skin tones or ‘dark spots’.