Facial Redness

‘Sensitive skin’ is a term used to describe skin that has a reduced tolerance to foreign substances. Sensitivity, and the facial redness is often a result of an impaired skin barrier. It can also be associated with changes in the capillaries caused by sun damage.

How does an impaired skin barrier cause redness?

  1. Lipids in the skin barrier are disrupted by one of the above factors
  2. The barrier integrity is compromised, enabling irritants to penetrate the skin
  3. Penetrants interact with epidermal cells, causing an inflammatory response
  4. The inflammation leads to vasodilation (expansion of the blood vessels), leading to redness (erythema), often accompanied by a stinging sensation and sometimes swelling
  5. Damage from the sun thins the skin, making it easier to see the underlying blood vessels
  6. The sun-injured skin stimulates natural wound healing. This process triggers the development of more blood vessels, which also contributes to redness
  7. The sun also causes new and existing blood vessels to become twisted and dilated leading to more redness

Photoaged skin

  1. Hyperpigmentation appears
  2. Fine lines & wrinkles appear
  3. Dermis becomes thinner and dermal matrix is broken down
  4. Blood vessels (capillaries) become contorted and enlarged, giving the appearance of redness

There are many trigger factors that can create an impaired skin barrier, including:

  • Diet
  • Climatic conditions – heat, cold, low humidity
  • Stress – which impairs lipid bilayer formation
  • Over-cleansing and under moisturising
  • Using incorrect skin care products or professional treatments
  • Photoageing
  • Skin disorders or diseases such as Rosacea and Psoriasis

Recommended Treatments*

*All recommendation and information available on or through this website are for general informational purposes only. A thorough consultation is required prior to any product recommendation or treatments in order to correctly prescribe.